Earthquake Survival

I got this thru email..

Since the earth has been recently active–we’ve been experiencing major trembling of the earth the last 15 years–the following article is a big help for earthquake preparedness.

Almost everyone who simply ‘ducks and covers’ 
When buildings collapse ARE CRUSHED TO DEATH. 
People who get under objects, like desks or cars, 
are crushed..
 
 
Haiti Earthquake
 
For your info, and possibly, survival.  Doug Copp, a rescue expert, 
has been there and back, several times. Following is an extract from his
article, “The Triangle of Life.”
 
 
Triangle of Life
 
My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of
the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world’s most
experienced rescue team. The information in this article will save lives in an
earthquake.

       I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue
teams from 60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries, and I am a
member of many rescue teams from many countries.

       I was the United Nations expert in Disaster Mitigation for two
years. I have worked at every major disaster in the world since 1985, except for

simultaneous disasters.

       The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico
City during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under its desk. Every
child was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived by
lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene, unnecessary
and I wondered why the children were not in the aisles. I didn’t at the
time know that the children were told to hide under something. I am amazed
that even today schools are still using the ‘Duck and Cover’ instructions—
telling the children to squat under their desks with their heads bowed and
covered with their hands. This was the technique used in the Mexico City school.

       Simply stated, when buildings collapse, the weight of the ceilings
falling upon the objects or furniture inside crushes these objects, leaving
a space or void next to them. This space is what I call the ‘triangle of
life’. The larger the object, the stronger, the less it will compact. The less
the object compacts, the larger the void, the greater the probability
that the person who is using this void for safety will not be injured. The
next time you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the ‘triangles’
you see formed. They are everywhere. It is the most common shape, you will
see, in a collapsed building.

       TIPS FOR EARTHQUAKE SAFETY

       1) Almost everyone who simply ‘ducks and covers’ when buildings
collapse ARE CRUSHED TO DEATH. People who get under objects, like desks or cars,
are crushed.

       2) Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal
position.
You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival
instinct. That position helps you survive in a smaller void. Get next to an object,
next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but
leave a void next to it.

       3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in
during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the
earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created.
Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight. Brick
buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will cause many injuries
but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs. Concrete slab buildings are the
most dangerous during an earthquake.

       4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs,
simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can
achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting a sign
on the back of the door of every room telling occupants to lie down on the
floor, next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.

       5) If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting
out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next
to a sofa, or large chair.

       6) Almost everyone who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse
is killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls
forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam
falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you
will be  killed!

       7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different ‘moment of
frequency (they swing separately from the main part of the building). The
stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other until
structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs
before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads, horribly mutilated. Even
if the building doesn’t collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs are
a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the stairs are
not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when overloaded
by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety, even when
the rest of the building is not damaged.

       8) Get Near the Outer Walls Of Buildings Or Outside Of Them If
Possible – It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than
the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of
the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be
blocked.

       9) People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above
falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what
happened with the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims
of the San Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They
were all killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and lying in
the fetal position next to their vehicles. Everyone killed would have
survived if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next
to them. All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for
the cars that had columns fall directly across them.

       10) I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper
offices and other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact.
Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.

       In 1996 we made a film, which proved my survival methodology to be
correct. The Turkish Federal Government, City of Istanbul , University of
Istanbul Case Productions and ARTI cooperated to film this practical,
scientific test. We collapsed a school and a home with 20 mannequins inside.
Ten mannequins did ‘duck and cover,’ and ten mannequins I used in my
‘triangle of life’ survival method. After the simulated earthquake collapse we
crawled through the rubble and entered the building to film and document the
results.

       The film, in which I practiced my survival techniques under directly

observable, scientific conditions, relevant to building collapse,
showed there would have been zero percent survival for those doing duck and
cover.

       There would likely have been 100 percent survivability for people
using my method of the ‘triangle of life.’ This film has been seen by
millions of viewers on television in Turkey and the rest of Europe , and it was
seen in the USA , Canada and Latin America on the TV program Real TV.

       Spread the word and save someone’s life… The entire world is
experiencing natural calamities so be prepared!

photo from here and here
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